Upload to YouTube & Edit Subtitles

This step has several goals which can be inferred from the task itself. First, putting up subtitles in the original language is useful for people whose language skills are limited or who have a hearing impairment. Second, if the video is to be dubbed in another language, having the subtitles already synchronised to the video in that language allows the reader to pace herself when she reads the text.

As mentioned before, we are using YouTube in this instance so that the projects can be done collaboratively. They could be done locally just using Subtitle Editor, but by using YouTube we can allow several people in different locations to do the work efficiently.

To begin, we log into our YouTube account, then navigate to "Subtitles and CC" (Closed Captions) editing. There are several ways of getting to this screen - two are shown here on these screenshots.

From the list of videos.

From the single video editing screen.

At some point you will be prompted to set the original language for the video. In this case, we set the language of the video to Russian.

Now we set the language of the subtitles to English.

Now choose "Upload File" as the method of adding subtitles.

Choose "Subtitles File."

Once the subtitles have been uploaded, the editing screen will show the subtitles to the right and also underneath the video slider bar.

We will be editing the subtitles by starting at the end. This makes it easier because then the subtitles stack without having to move later ones. However, you may decide to create your own system by doing something else. But this at least will show the principle and how the process works.

Now navigate to the end of the video by dragging the slider bar. Now you can adjust the timings as well as edit the text. Here are some notes on the various controls.

In addition to the video in its normal place, you can see editing areas both to the right side and bottom of the video. The sliders for these areas are highlighted in green.

The zoom slider is highlighted in red. Use it to show more or fewer text blocks below the video. This can be very useful along with the sliders to navigate to the correct location in the video for editing.

The areas to the right, where the text and timings can be changed by typing them, are circled in blue.

Hovering over the ends of text blocks, as shown in yellow, allows you to click on the edge of each text block and slide it to the right or left, as long as there is nothing in the way.

The best way to learn this editing function is simply to try it for a while to see how it works.

Note that only one person should be working on any particular video at a particular time.

Once editing is finished, click on "Publish" in the lower right corner.

Note also that once you are finished editing anything on these subtitles, it is a good idea to download them so the copy kept on the local computer agrees with what is published on YouTube. This also allows the subtitles to be used for a presentation using a computer instead of showing it on YouTube. This can be done from the small Actions pull-down menu on the upper right of the video edit screen.

Once you have saved the file, you can load it into Subtitle Editor, or watch the video with the subtitles using VLC or another player with subtitle capability.